CP33 Habitat Buffers for Upland Birds

What is CP33?

In 2004, the United States Department of Agriculture-Farm Service Agency (FSA) established conservation practice Habitat Buffers for Upland Birds, or CP-33, under the Continuous Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). CP-33 aims to provide habitat for northern bobwhite and other upland birds via landowner incentives to establish native grass buffers along row-crop field margins. CP-33 is a "win-win" for producers—it allows retirement of unproductive field margins, often with net financial gains through practice incentives, while providing critical habitat for quail and other upland wildlife.

CP-33 Habitat Buffers for Upland Birds is available under the United States Department of Agriculture Continuous Conservation Reserve Program (CCRP). CP-33 enrollment is capped at 350,000 acres in 35 states within the primary range of the northern bobwhite. Under continuous signup CRP, there is no deadline for producers to submit acreage for enrollment and eligible acres offered are automatically accepted. All CP-33 contracts require a 10-year enrollment period.

Eligibility requirements:

  • Under the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (2008 Farm Bill) land enrolled must have been planted or considered planted to an agricultural commodity during 4 out of 6 years from 2002-2007.
  • Land must be adaptable to establishment of habitat for northern bobwhite.
  • Land must meet other eligibility requirements outlined in USDA-FSA Notice CRP-479.


  • One-time Signup Incentive Payment (SIP) of $10/acre enrolled for each full year of enrollment not to exceed 10 years (up to $50,000 CRP limit).
  • 50% cost-share of actual establishment costs, plus a one-time Practice Incentive Payment (PIP) of an additional 40% of total eligible cost of practice installation (up to $50,000 CRP limit) after all eligibility requirements are met.
  • Annual rental payments based on county-specific soil rental rates.
  • $4/acre maintenance rate to reimburse enrollees for annual practice maintenance.

Active Management Requirement:

  • Periodic management activities (light disking, prescribed burning, or selective herbicide application) are required based on the established conservation plan. Mowing is not allowed, except as a means to reduce vegetation prior to prescribed burning or disking.
  • 50% cost-share for approved mid-contract management practices carried out in accordance with an approved conservation plan of operation (CPO).

Who do I contact for more information?

For more information on eligibility and CP-33 enrollment or for any other questions please contact your local USDA Farm Service Center.

For technical assistance regarding the CP-33 practice please contact your NRCS district conservationist.

For more information on wildlife conservation in CRP programs please contact your state fish and wildlife agency.

Request a Free CP-33 DVD and Brochure

A free CP-33 information DVD and brochure are available through the Mississippi State University, Forest and Wildlife Research Center. The DVD titled "CP33 Upland Habitat Buffers: Common Sense Conservation" was supported by Quail Unlimited, the Southeast Quail Study Group, and Natural Resource Enterprises. The CP-33 DVD is for landowners and agricultural producers interested in learning more about the wildlife and economic benefits gained from the CP-33 practice.

For a free copy of the CP-33 DVD and brochure please contact the Mississippi State University, Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Aquaculture at CP33DVD@cfr.msstate.edu or (662) 325-3167. Individual copies are available free of charge, and bulk copies can be purchased for a nominal fee.

The CP33 DVD is also available in streaming video format online at: http://www.cfr.msstate.edu/video/. The CP33 video is titled "Common Sense Bird Conservation". A general Mississippi Bobwhite Habitat Management Video is also available and is titled "Bobwhite Habitat Management". This streaming video feature requires Javascript and Flash 8 Player.

Contact CP33 Habitat Buffers for Upland Birds

Kristine Evans, Program Coordinator
Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Aquaculture Mississippi State University
Box 9690
Room 205A Thompson Hall
Mississippi State, Mississippi  39762-9690
Phone: 662-325-3133
Fax: 662-325-8726


Service Area

Statewide Program in:
  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • DC
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • Puerto Rico
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin

Office Locaters

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